1802 President Jefferson signed a measure authorizing the establishment of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.
1945 US defeats Japan at Iwo Jima.
1968 My Lai massacre occurs (Vietnam War); 450 die.
2003 Five years ago: Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein warned that if Iraq were attacked, it would take the war anywhere in the world “wherever there is sky, land or water.” President Bush gave the United Nations one more day to find a diplomatic solution to the standoff.
1977 US President Carter pleads for Palestinian homeland.
1978 Italian politician Aldo Moro was kidnapped by left-wing urban guerrillas, who later murdered him.
1984 William Buckley, the CIA station chief in Beirut, was kidnapped by gunmen; he died in captivity.
1985 Terry Anderson, chief Middle East correspondent for The Associated Press, was abducted in Beirut; he was released in December 1991.
1988 North-Ireland Protestant fires on Catholic funeral, 3 killed.
1941 Blizzard hits North Dakota & Minnesota killing 60.
1969 Viasa DC-9 crashes at Maracaibo’s Grano de Oro airport, killing 155.
1991 7 members of Reba McIntire’s band killed in a plane crash.
1994 Tonya Harding pleads guilty to felony attack on Nancy Kerrigan.
1830 New York Stock Exchange slowest day ever (31 shares traded).
1966 “Man From Uncle” star David McCallum receives huge welcome in London.
1876 Nelly Saunders & Rose Harland fight 1st female boxing match (New York).
1830 London’s re-organised police force (Scotland Yard) forms.
1926 rocket science pioneer Robert H. Goddard successfully tested the first liquid-fueled rocket, in Auburn, Mass.
1861 Arizona Territory votes to leave the Union.
1935 Adolf Hitler decided to break the military terms set by the Treaty of Versailles by ordering the rearming of Germany.
2003 Rachel Corrie, a 23-year-old American in Gaza to protest Israel operations, was killed when she was run over by a bulldozer while trying to block troops from demolishing a Palestinian home.
1871 1st fertilizer law enacted.
1988 A federal grand jury indicted former National Security Adviser John Poindexter, fired White House aide Oliver North, retired Air Force Maj. Gen. Richard Secord and Secord’s business partner, Albert Hakim, on charges related to the Iran-Contra affair. (Poindexter and North were later convicted, but had their convictions overturned; Secord and Hakim received probation after each pleaded guilty to a single count.)
1978 Aldo Moro 5 times Prime Minister of Italy, assassinated by terrorists.
1190 Jews of York England commit mass sucide rather than submit to baptism.
1998 In a long-awaited document that Jewish leaders immediately criticized, the Vatican expressed remorse for the cowardice of some Christians during the Holocaust, but defended the actions of Pope Pius XII.
2007 Former CIA operative Valerie Plame told a House committee that White House and State Department officials had “carelessly and recklessly” blown her cover in a politically motivated smear of her husband, former Ambassador Joseph Wilson, for publicly disputing President Bush’s assertion that Saddam Hussein was on the brink of acquiring a nuclear bomb.
1751 James Madison, fourth president of the United States, was born in Port Conway, Va.
1849 James E Smith became father at 100 with woman 64 years younger.
Comedian-director Jerry Lewis is 82. Movie director Bernardo Bertolucci is 67. Game show host Chuck Woolery is 67. Singer-songwriter Jerry Jeff Walker is 66. Country singer Robin Williams is 61. Actor Erik Estrada is 59. Actor Victor Garber is 59. Actress Kate Nelligan is 57. Country singer Ray Benson (Asleep at the Wheel) is 57. Rock singer-musician Nancy Wilson (Heart) is 54. Golfer Hollis Stacy is 54. Actress Isabelle Huppert is 53. Actor Clifton Powell is 52. Rapper Flavor Flav (Public Enemy) is 49. Rock musician Jimmy DeGrasso is 45. Folk singer Patty Griffin is 44. Actress Lauren Graham is 41. Actor Alan Tudyk is 37. Actress Brooke Burns is 30. Rock musician Wolfgang Van Halen is 17.
37 Roman emperor Tiberius died; he was succeeded by Caligula.
March 16, the 76th day of 2008. There are 290 days left in the year. Today is Palm Sunday.